LANGUAGE AND CLIMATE
The native language is Portuguese, but the accent and the intonation are slightly different than the one from Portugal and other Portuguese-speaking countries. In some places, especially in southern Brazil, there are many German and Italian speaking Brazilians descendants of immigrants.
Climate in Brazil suits all tastes, thanks to the country’s extensive area and factors such as altitude, pressure and proximity to the ocean. The average annual temperature is 28°C in the north and 20°C in the south. Winter in Brazil is from May to September, and some cities of the South and Southeast regions register temperatures lower than 0ºC, with frost and snow. In contrast, temperatures may reach 40ºC in Rio de Janeiro, for example. Summer in Brazil is the best season to go to the beach, drink coconut water, swim in the sea and get a tan. Regardless of the season, always bring a sweater and trousers as climate may suddenly change in some places, mainly in mountain and coastal regions.
PASSPORT AND VISA
Visas are granted by Brazilian consulates abroad. Citizens and members of Mercosur countries do not need a Visa to enter Brazil; only a valid passport or identity card. In Brazil there are 7 visa categories issues to foreigners: Transit, Tourist, Temporary, Permanent, Courtesy, Official and Diplomatic. For more information, enter the website of the Ministry of Justice.
Tourists with a foreign driver’s license may drive in Brazil if their stay is shorter than 180 days. The drive must carry a valid foreign driver’s license and an identity card. For longer stays, the driver must provide a Brazilian license equivalent to their foreign license. The driving foreign tourist is a criminally capable individual pursuant to the Brazilian law. Check the legislation.
CURRENCY AND EXCHANGE RATE
The currency in Brazil is the Real (R$). Reais and traveler’s checks may be exchanged in banks, travel agencies and authorized hotels. Exchange rates are daily published in newspapers and specialized sites. Convert your currency rate
USEFUL PHONE NUMBERS
Fire Department 193
Civil Defense 199
Civil Police 197
Military Police 190
Emergency Unit 192
The international code for telephone calls to Brazil is +55.
1. For long-distance phone calls in the country: dial 0 + telephone service provider code + city code + destination phone number.
2. For collect calls, simply substitute 90 for 0.
3. For international calls from Brazil: Dial 00 + telephone service provider code + country code + destination phone number.
For service telephone numbers (900, 0800, 0900, 0300, 800) no need to dial the service provider number. Phone call rates vary according to the provider chosen.
List of codes for Brazilian cities.
TELEPHONE SERVICE PROVIDERS
The operation of a foreign cell phone in Brazil depends on the technology used and the compatibility with Brazilian providers. The fees for using this service vary according to the provider. Check with your service provider all the conditions for using your mobile in Brazil.
Yellow Fever is a disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes and vaccination against this disease is recommended at least 10 days prior to traveling to certain locations. Brazil requires the international vaccination certificate against Yellow Fever for tourists from these countries: Angola, Benin, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Colombia, Equator, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, French Guiana, Liberia, Nigeria, Peru, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Venezuela and Zaire.
Please note that almost the entire Brazilian coastline is free from risks of contracting the disease. This area ranges from Rio Grande do Sul to Piauí, except for northern Espírito Santo and southern Bahia. For further information, contact the nearest Brazilian Consulate.
VOLTAGE AND ELECTRIC OUTLET STANDARD
The voltage in Brazil varies between 110V and 220V 60Hz, depending on the region. Check out the list for the electric voltage distribution throughout the country: 110V voltage: Bahia, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo. 220V Voltage: Acre, Alagoas, Amapá, Amazonas, Ceará, Distrito Federal, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Pará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sergipe, Tocantins. Electric outlet adaptors do not alter the voltage, they only enable the connection with the device.
Source: Embratur / Ministry of Tourism